Revine Lago is a comune (town) in the Province of Treviso in the Italian area Veneto, situated about 60 kilometers (37 miles) north of Venice and about 35 km (22 mi) north of Treviso. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,190 and a location of 18.7 square kilometers (7.2 sq mi).
The town of Revine Lago consists of the frazioni (neighborhoods, primarily hamlets and villages), Revine, Lago, and Santa Maria (Sede Municipale).
Revine Lago surrounds the following towns: Cison di Valmarino, Limana, Tarzo, Trichiana, Vittorio Veneto.
Location and environment:
The town is divided into two primary locations: The Prealpi side and The Valley.
Two lakes are located in the valley: lake of Santa Maria, and the lake of Lago.
The bulk of the structures are located between the slope and the lakes.
The Archaeological Project and the Surrounding Area
The Lakes of Revine (‘ Laghi di Revine’; see an image above) lie in the climatic setting of the Pre-Alps north of Treviso, surrounding the Pre-Alps of Belluno. The location is likewise called Vallata, and it hosts the two periglacial lakes of Santa Maria and Lago, sole survivors of the passage of the old Piave ice sheet throughout the Quaternary glaciations.
There are likewise other significant monoliths in the vicinity, such as the Abbey at Follina (Abbazia di Follina) and the historic town center of Vittorio Veneto. Little hamlets and other villages are spread around and make this location especially enjoyable to check out, specifically in spring and early fall.
Another area worth a checkout, within an affordable range, is the Grotte del Caglieron– a set of synthetic and natural caverns positioned in a little climatic canyon.
The historical discoveries in Colmaggiore di Tarzo and the will to improve the Revine lakes’ context are at the basis of the Archaeological Park task called ‘They Live.’
The location of Live is positioned near the synthetic emissary called La Tajada (‘ The Cut’) on the western bank of the Lago lake (among the two Revine lakes). Not remote from the historic village of Revine-Lago, where numerous examples of intriguing vernacular architecture are integrated into the stone.
The location of the lakes in Revine is fascinating from a naturalistic perspective, too; the flat surface at the lakes’ margins is defined by plants common of wetlands. With a full existence of trees (primarily willow and alder), plants such as Phragmites, and thick bands of reeds (particularly in the locations near the real banks).
The awareness of the Live Archaeological Park (see a picture of the entryway location listed below) was preceded by the operation of the partial drain of the site and cleaning of the shrubby intrusive plants, which has seen the subsequent production of little locations for growings. The planting of trees, brand-new shrubs, and other herbaceous types– all in keeping with the autochthonous greenery and the eco-friendly requirements of the regional animals while appreciating both the abiotic and biotic parts of the environment.
Considered that specific historical information on the structure techniques and methods utilized by the individuals living in between the two lakes of Revine (Santa Maria and Lago) is not offered yet, the restoration of the pile-dwelling village. Was based upon the research study of settlement typologies discovered incomparable historical sites positioned either in other lakeside or wetland places along with on the ethnographic research study of populations that still reside in comparable environments.
The pile-dwellings– developed in genuine scale and positioned in the water distance– have been integrated into three various methods:
– one is on a wood board sustained by energetic wood poles straight stuck in the water; another is on dry land.
In the interior, the set-up replicates a Neolithic, a Copper Age, and a Bronze Age house. On the sign of the regional authorities that handle historical sites, the village has been completely integrated into the wood.
It was made to ensure a philologically precise restoration and likewise, an ecologically sustainable option, in line with the objectives of the task.
Therefore, the option of structure product naturally fell on eco-compatible lumber that would adjust well to both the historical proof and the regional geomorphology discovered in the location– that is chestnut, spruce, oak, and Cornelian cherry.
The wood parts indicated to stay immersed in the water at all times have been crafted in larch wood– a kind of wood which is especially surprising for its resistance to external representatives. However, this type was not traditionally taped in the location.
The anatomical structures of the pile-dwellings have been developed with wood poles. At the same time, the covers were crafted utilizing samples of lakeside reeds, appropriately anchored to the structural aspects and after that covered with a mix of straw, sand, and clay, held together with the help of quicklime. The roofing cover– various for each typology of hut– was acquired with a standard thatching strategy that utilizes areas of reeds of about 30 cm of width.
The Valley and the Archaeological Site at Colmaggiore.
The Soligo valley was inhabited 20,000 years earlier (throughout the last Quaternary glaciations) by a branch of the Piave glacier, which formed a morenic device in Gai (not far from here). The location released itself from the ice sheet after a couple of centuries, thanks to a progressive enhancement of the weather conditions.
That is when the resurgence of forest and the animals– and for that reason of searching– produced the production of the first human settlements in different areas.
Such as by numerous rock shelters (one called ‘Colon’ is in between Segusino and Vas; some others are on the Col Visentin-Monte Faverghera mountain ridge, and there is one likewise at San Giuseppe, near Corbanese).
Discovers the fossils originating from the historical digs– and as a result of other surface area collections in the vicinity.
They have been required to the Natural History and Archaeological Museum in Montebelluna (recording as a Prehistoric, Roman, and proto-historic times).
The Civic Museum in Crocetta del Montello (hosting the remains of a massive discovered in Bigolino) and the Museum of Man in Cansiglio (showing the product on Paleolithic and Mesolithic times)– along with to the historical collections hosted at the Vittorio Veneto first museum.
The historical finds and the structural stays discovered at Colmaggiore di Tarzo (primarily ceramic vases, lithic instruments, and food stays).
They are all proof of a settlement typical of a wetland location, extended on the thin strip of land that presently separates the two lakes of Santa Maria and Lago (technically speaking, it is a little isthmus).
The little neighborhood hosted on this strip of land, which most likely settled throughout the last stages of the Neolithic (4,500 years ago) and stayed there up till the start of the Early Bronze Age (2,300 years ago).
Based on their nourishment on farming, livestock farming, and– in a lower method– likewise on searching, fishing, and the event of items from the wild (they were still hunter-gatherers, after all, although they were gradually moving towards farming after settling).
From a technological perspective, these populations utilized tools, weapons, and instruments crafted generally in cracked flint or greenstone (which were frequently gotten from rather some range away, and after that taken here), while for saving, cooking and consuming food they would utilize ceramic vases.
1. The Territory and the First Settlements.
Middle Palaeolithic and Mesolithic: From Neanderthal Man to Homo sapiens.
Regional referrals: the ‘Coolon shelter’ (‘ Riparo Coolon’), Monte Faverghera and San Giuseppe ridge.
Around 20,000 years earlier, in truth, the Piave glacier inhabited the Soligo valley, leaving a moraine device at Gai and little branches in Tarzo and Nogarolo. Some centuries after, an improvement of the weather conditions favored the withdrawal of the glaciers, the spread of larch in the Revine valley and the progressive growth of conifer forest at the highest elevations, till the complete affirmation of the montane beech forest.
In this area, abundant in video game and flint to be broken, the most ancient human settlements go back a minimum of 40,000 years back– the age of the Neanderthal Man. The human existence ends up being more prevalent at the end of the Superior Palaeolithic (12-9,500 BC) when the Italian Alps were occupied by people that chose raised places. When it comes to circumstances at the Bus de la Lum or Palughetto, on the Cansiglio plateau, in locations that were extremely made use of for searching, this phenomenon lasted for a couple of centuries– a minimum of up until completion of the Mesolithic (5,500 BC), before the affirmation of farming.
The Soligo valley and the ridges that neglect it was for that reason, locations of interest for the individuals of those times, who would hunt, fish, collect mushrooms and plants. Among the essential websites that we have to remember here is the ‘Coolon shelter’ (‘ Riparo Coolon’), in between Vas and Segusino; the settlements on the Monte Faverghera-Col Visentin ridge; those around Vittorio Veneto, and the website at San Giuseppe in Corbanese.
2. From the Neolithic to the Bronze Age.
The historical information shows the presence of human groups, who took with them cultural elements linked with the last culture of the Square Vases (‘ Cultura dei Vasi a Bocca Quadrata’). So-called because of the healthy mouth of the receivers– and the ‘Cultura Della Lagozza’ that extended its impact from Lombardy eastwards to reach the eastern Veneto. Beginning from the Ancient Neolithic onwards (3,800 – 3400 BC) are likewise progressively made use of the abundant food resources provided by wetlands and lacustrine basins– as suggested exactly by the settlement on recovered land by the Laghi di Revine.
Throughout the Copper Age (between 3400 BC and 2300 BC), the frequentation of the locations currently occupied in the past probably has the same techniques of land usage. The historical documents are made up, for the most part, of artifacts in flint, item of periodic finds. To be discovered are the routine excavation projects performed within the context of the settlement by the Laghi di Revine; to this, should likewise be included the current examinations on Monte Doc.
In the vicinity of Segusino, where a website for the extraction and the very first production of flint was found, which was worked for the production of arrow points and bigger dagger blades, particular for this duration. In particular, it is to be worried the significance of these latter components, as they were signs of the warrior, and for that reason positioned together with him in the burial place, in the most distinguished funerary endowments.
2300 and 1650 BC) is experienced by settlements found in the hills and foothill locations, particularly in the distance of lakes and wetlands (such as the Laghi di Revine) and the various resurgent swimming pools (‘ risorgive’). The historical proof provides considerable typological affinities with those of Northern Italy, where the culture of Polada (‘ Cultura di Polada’) was extensive.
The proof from the Recent Bronze Age (1300-1150 BC), instead, can be described as the sub-Appenninic culture, which permits one to detail a minute profession of the entire area. Omitting maybe the gravelly high plains is not so appropriate for an economy based mainly on farming and animal breeding.
This financial and cultural circumstance will end up being a growing number of specific towards the Final Bronze Age (1150-950 BC), with the spread of the so-called ‘Cultura Protovillanoviana.’
3. Laghi di Revine: Peri-lacustrine Settlements.
In 1987, even more excavations in the region of Caomaggiore (Tarzo) permitted individuating finds and structural remains, which, throughout succeeding projects (1989, 1992, 1997). Were discovered to refer to a peri-lacustrine settlement (located near the lake), typical of wetland locations—in this case, extended over the isthmus that now separates the two basins. Based on the historical proof discovered in this location (generally ceramic vases, lithic instruments, and food stays), we can develop with a particular degree of certainty that this settlement was begun throughout the current stage of the Neolithic (4500 BC). The human group who lived in the distance of these lakes was identified by cultural elements typical of the last stage of the culture of the Square Vases (‘ Cultura dei Vasi a Bocca Quadrata’) the ‘Cultura Della Lagozza.’
The human existence ends up being more extensive at the end of the Superior Palaeolithic (12-9,500 BC) when the Italian Alps were occupied by people that settled on raised areas. As for circumstances at the Bus de la Lum or Palughetto, on the Cansiglio plateau, in locations that were extremely made use of for searching. Throughout the Copper Age (in between 3400 BC and 2300 BC) continues the frequentation of the areas currently occupied in the past, most likely with the very same methods of land usage. 2300 and 1650 BC) is seen by settlements found in the hills and foothill locations, specifically in the distance of lakes and wetlands (such as the Laghi di Revine) and the various resurgent swimming pools (‘ risorgive’).
In 1987, even more excavations in the area of Caomaggiore (Tarzo) enabled to individuate finds and structural remains, which, throughout succeeding projects (1989, 1992, 1997), were discovered to refer to a peri-lacustrine settlement (positioned near the lake). Typical of wetland locations—in this case, extended over the isthmus that now separates the two basins. Based on the historical proof that was discovered in this location (primarily ceramic vases, lithic instruments, and food stays), we can develop with a specific degree of certainty that this settlement. It was begun throughout the current stage of the Neolithic (4500 BC) and that the human group who lived in the distance of these lakes was identified by cultural elements common of the last stage of the culture of the Square Vases (‘ Cultura dei Vasi a Bocca Quadrata’) and of the ‘Cultura Della Lagozza.’